Trees are an important part of Manningham’s overall green environment. They provide shade and shelter for people and wildlife and reduce the effects of greenhouse gases on the environment. Trees also provide a number of other benefits to health and well being and the economy, as well as social and community benefits.
Vegetation can include trees, shrubs, grasses and other ground layer plants and is a key feature of Manningham’s unique landscape.
Importantly, approximately 67 per cent of Manningham’s trees are on private land, and while the majority are situated within the Green Wedge, the western, more residential, part of Manningham also includes a wide variety of indigenous and native trees and other vegetation.
In these more residential areas, trees and other vegetation provide food and important habitats for native animals, allowing them to move from place to place. Urban, high density areas, such as Doncaster Hill, also benefit from trees and other vegetation, including roadside shrubs, assisting to absorb the heat that is retained by the larger proportion of roads and buildings in these areas.
Indigenous and native trees
Trees can be considered either native or indigenous species to an area, or an exotic/introduced species. Indigenous trees are those that would have occurred naturally in a defined area, such as Manningham. Native tree species are those that grow naturally in Australia or Victoria, but are not necessarily part of the original vegetation of a particular area.
Why are trees important?
There are many environmental, health, social and economic benefits that trees can provide. Some of these include:
- Improving air quality by removing a vast number of pollutants, such as carbon dioxide
- Improving water and soil quality by absorbing, transforming and containing a number of contaminants
- Reducing stormwater runoff, with mature trees able to store between 190 and 380 litres of water during large storms
- Reducing the temperature and energy use within urban areas by absorbing the radiant heat stored by roads and buildings
- Improving people’s health by encouraging more physical activity, reducing sun exposure, noise reduction, improving mental health and general wellbeing
- Contributing to more appealing retail and activity centres which can lead to improved economic conditions and real estate values
- Greater connection with one's community is more often reported in greener areas.